Hung Vuong's d.eath anniversary is the d.eath anniversary of which king? Why choose the 10th day of the 3rd lunar month as the Ancestor's Anniversary?

Quỳnh QuỳnhApr 17, 2024 at 16:10

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Hung King's d.eath anniversary is a Vietnamese holiday held annually on the 10th day of the third lunar month at Hung Temple, Viet Tri, Phu Tho. This is a traditional festival of the nation aimed at remembering the merits of the Hung Kings who built the country.

According to legend, the Hung Vuong dynasty had 18 kings. The first Hung King ascended the throne in 2879 BC, named the country Van Lang, divided the country into 15 departments, passed down the throne until 258 BC, then lost the throne to Thuc Phan An Duong Vuong.

Thus, the Hung Dynasty lasted about 2,600 years. If divided on average by 18 kings, each king was approximately 150 years. Explaining this, some scholars believe that actually the 18 generations of Hung Kings were not 18 specific individuals, but 18 branches, each of which had many kings who took turns ruling and shared the same royal title. Even the number 18 is only symbolic and conventional, because 18 is a multiple of 9 - a sacred number for Vietnamese people.

Hung Vuongs d.eath anniversary is the d.eath anniversary of which king? Why choose the 10th day of the 3rd lunar month as the Ancestors Anniversary? - Photo 1

There are so many Hung kings, but there is only one Hung King's d.eath anniversary; So which king's d.eath anniversary is it? This is something many people still wonder about.

First, we must talk about the origin of the Vietnamese people. Legend has it that Kinh Duong Vuong married Long Nu and gave birth to Lac Long Quan. Lac Long Quan then married Au Co and gave birth to Hung King.

Hung Vuong was thus the grandson of Kinh Duong Vuong, a reign name used for dozens of subsequent dynasties. The Ancestor's Anniversary, therefore, according to logic, must be Kinh Duong Vuong's Ancestor's Anniversary, to commemorate the Patriarch who gave birth to the country.

Hung Vuongs d.eath anniversary is the d.eath anniversary of which king? Why choose the 10th day of the 3rd lunar month as the Ancestors Anniversary? - Photo 2

In fact, according to some historical documents, the Anniversary date existed about 2,000 years ago. During the reign of Thuc Phan - An Duong Vuong, an oath stone pillar was erected on Nghia Linh mountain, clearly stating: "May the heaven and earth witness, the Southern country will be forever preserved at the Hung King's temple, forever looking after it." Hung family mausoleum and preserving the country that Hung Vuong handed over; if the promise is broken, the oath will be blown away by the wind and hammered.

Other later generations of kings also always remembered and affirmed the role of the Hung Kings' era in building the country. That's why every year there is always a day to commemorate those who established and built the country - the Hung Kings in general.

Hung Vuongs d.eath anniversary is the d.eath anniversary of which king? Why choose the 10th day of the 3rd lunar month as the Ancestors Anniversary? - Photo 3

Previously, people did not have the custom of going to Hung Temple on March 10. They often choose auspicious days according to each person's destiny and enthusiastically come to worship Hung Kings throughout the year, most often in spring and autumn, without specifying a specific day. The local Patriarch worship ceremony is held on the 12th day of the 3rd lunar month in combination with Turkish worship. Usually, when children and grandchildren return from far away, they will celebrate their d.eath anniversary one day in advance (March 11) rather than hold a large festival on a national scale.

Hung Vuongs d.eath anniversary is the d.eath anniversary of which king? Why choose the 10th day of the 3rd lunar month as the Ancestors Anniversary? - Photo 4

Thus, the time of worshiping often lasts continuously, both costing m.oney and not being able to clearly express respect, and not being able to gather people's hearts. Realizing this, in 1917 (Khai Dinh dynasty), Phu Tho Governor Le Trung Ngoc made a report to the Ministry of Rites, asking for a rule to take the 10th day of the third lunar month every year as a day of worship for the whole country. From then on, every March 10, people across the country turned to the land of origin - Hy Cuong, Lam Thao, Phu Tho communes to honor the merits of the Hung Kings. March 10 is called Hung King's D.eath Anniversary.

Up to now, Hung King's Anniversary is still considered the National D.eath Anniversary, an important holiday of the country. Employees have a day off from work on this day.

Hung Vuongs d.eath anniversary is the d.eath anniversary of which king? Why choose the 10th day of the 3rd lunar month as the Ancestors Anniversary? - Photo 5

Who were the 18 generations of Hung Kings?

According to Dai Viet's history and many other documents, the Hung Vuong dynasty was passed down through 18 generations, including the following.

1. Kinh Duong Vuong, surnamed Loc Tuc, also known as Luc Duc Vuong, was born in the year of Nham Ngo (2919 BC) and ascended the throne at the age of 41. He reigned for a total of 86 years, from the year of Nham Tuat (2879 BC) to Dinh. Pig (2794 p. TL).

2. Lac Long Quan, surnamed Sung Lam, also known as Hung Hien Vuong, was born in the year of the Dragon (2825 BC), ascended the throne at the age of 33, reigned for a total of 269 years, from the year of Mau Ty (2793 BC) to Binh Thin (2525 p. TL).

3. Hung Quoc Vuong, surnamed Hung Lan, born in the year of Canh Ngo (2570 BC) ascended the throne at the age of 18, and stayed on the throne for 272 years, from the year of Dinh Ty (2524 BC) to 2253 BC. TL.

4. Hung Hoa Vuong, also known as Buu Lang, ascended the throne in the year of Dinh Hoi (2252 BC), and stayed on the throne for a total of 342 years, from the year of Dinh Hoi (2254 BC) to the year of Mau Thin (1913 BC).

5. Hung Hy Vuong, uncle Bao Lang, was born in the year of Tan Mui (2030 BC), ascended the throne at the age of 59, and reigned for a total of 200 years, from the year of the Snake (1912 BC) to Mau Ty (1713). p. TL).

6. Hung Hon Vuong, named Long Tien Lang, was born in the year of Tan Dau (1740 BC), ascended the throne at the age of 29, and stayed on the throne for a total of 81 years, from the year of Ky Suu (1712 BC) to the year of Ky Dau (1712 BC). 1632 pp.).

Hung Chieu Vuong, aka Quoc Lang, was born in the year of the Snake (1768 BC), ascended the throne at the age of 18, and reigned for a total of 200 years, from the year of Canh Tuat (1631 BC) to the year of the Snake (1432 BC). TL).

8. Hung Vuong Vuong, named Van Lang, born in the year of Nham Thin (1469 BC) ascended the throne at the age of 39 and stayed on the throne for a total of 100 years, from the year of Canh Ngo (1431 BC) to the year of the Rooster (1332 BC). TL).

9. Hung Dinh Vuong, surnamed Chan Nhan Lang, was born in the year of the Tiger (1375 BC), ascended the throne at the age of 45, reigned for a total of 80 years, from 1331 to 1252 BC. TL.

10. Hung Uy Vuong, known as Hoang Long Lang, reigned for 90 years, from 1251 to 1162 BC. TL.

11. Hung Trinh Vuong, also known as Hung Duc Lang, was born in the year of Canh Tuat (1211 BC), ascended the throne at the age of 51, and stayed on the throne for a total of 107 years, from the year of Canh Ty (1161 BC) to the year of the Dog (1161 BC). 1055 pages.

12. Hung Vu Vuong, named Duc Hien Lang, was born in the year of the Monkey (1105 BC), ascended the throne at the age of 52, and reigned for a total of 86 years, from the year of Dinh Hoi (1054 BC) to the year of Nham Tuat. (969 pages. TL).

13. Hung Viet Vuong, Tuan Lang's name, was born in the year of the Pig (982 BC), ascended the throne at the age of 23, and reigned for a total of 115 years, from the year of the Pig (968 BC) to Dinh Mui (854 BC). TL).

14. Hung Anh Vuong, surnamed Vien Lang, born in the year of Dinh Mao (894 BC) ascended the throne at the age of 42, reigned for a total of 99 years, from 853 to 755 BC. TL.

15. Hung Trieu Vuong, senior name Canh Chieu Lang, was born in the year of Quy Suu (748 BC), ascended the throne at the age of 35, stayed on the throne for a total of 94 years, from the year of Dinh Hoi (754 BC) to the year of Canh Than ( 661 pages.

16. Hung Tao Vuong, named Duc Quan Lang, was born in the year of the Snake (712 BC), reigned for a total of 92 years, from the year of the Rooster (660 BC) to the year of the Dragon (569 BC).

17. Hung Nghi Vuong, uncle Bao Quang Lang, was born in the year of At Dau (576 BC) and ascended the throne at the age of 9. He reigned for a total of 160 years, from the year of Quy Ty (568 BC) to the year of Nham Than (409 BC). p. TL).

18. Hung Due Vuong, born in the year of Canh Than (421 BC), ascended the throne at the age of 14, stayed on the throne for a total of 150 years, from the year of the Rooster (408 BC) to the year of the Cat (258 BC). .

Hung Vuongs d.eath anniversary is the d.eath anniversary of which king? Why choose the 10th day of the 3rd lunar month as the Ancestors Anniversary? - Photo 6

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